Categories: Forex Basics

What Bid rate and Ask rate in Forex Trading ?


Whenever we buy/sell currency in the forex market, we see two rates in the market watchlist section.

Like in the above image you can see how the currency pairs are shown in the MT4 platform.

In front of EUR/USD, two prices are given in front of the symbol.

So, why do we see two different rates for a single currency pair in Forex Trading ?

Well, those rates are called a bid rate and the ask rate.

In this article, I will tell you what is ask r ate and bid rate and the purpose behind it.


What is the Bid rate and Ask rate?

The bid rate represents the price that a dealer or the broker is willing to pay for a currency

While the asking rate is the price at which the dealer will sell the same currency.

To understand this, let us take an example.

Let us suppose, you live in India.

and you are traveling to the USA and for that, you have to exchange your INR to USD.

Let us say USD is the base currency of your broker.

So, when you went to exchange your INR for USD,

The broker will offer you a rate to buy your INR and give you USD.

This rate which the broker offers you, to buy your INR is called the ask rate.

Now, let us say after few days you came back from the USA and had few dollars left with you.

To exchange that dollar for INR you went to broker again.

Now this time, the broker will give you a rate at which he is willing to buy your USD and give you INR.


This rate is called a Bid rate.

Why is the Ask rate higher than the Bid rate?

Always remember that in the forex market, or normal exchange market,

The asking rate will always be more than the Bid rate.

That is, the broker will sell his base currency for more value and will always offer less rate for buying the same base currency.

The main purpose behind this is that broker earns money through this process.

The difference between the asking price and bid price is the profit that the broker makes.

And this difference is called a spread.

Who benefits from the bid and ask rates?

The bid rate and ask rate benefits the broker or the market maker.

And this is because of the spread they charge in currency pairs.


  1. In bid rate,

The broker sells his base currency and buys a variable currency.

So, the bid rate is the price at which the broker sells his base currency.

And this rate is lower than the asking rate and quoted on the left-hand side.

2. in ask rate,

The broker buys a base currency and sells variable currency.

So, the asking rate is the price at which the broker buys his base currency and this rate is higher than the bid rate and quoted on the right-hand side.


The ask rate is higher than the bid rate because the broker benefits from it.


The way by which broker benefits is through spreads.


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