When you first go and see a forex chart or the market watchlist section on the chart, you see a quote that consists of two currencies.
That is because in forex market currencies are traded in pairs.
And When you buy one currency, you automatically sell another currency.
Like if you open a buy position on EUR-USD, it means you are buying euro and selling dollars.
The first currency in the pair is called the base currency, while the second currency is called the quote or counter currency.
For example, In EUR/USD, The first currency is euro so it is the base currency and the second currency which is USD is the quote currency.
Let us take another example,
In USD/JPY, the first currency is the base currency which is USD.
And JPY is the quote currency.
Every currency pair has its quoted value, and this value is given right in front of the symbol of a currency pair.
And that value denotes the exchange rate of the currency.
The current quoted value of EUR/USD is 1.0853
So this value tells the amount of quote currency it takes to the equal base currency.
In this case, it tells that it will take 1.0853 USD to equal 1 EURO.
Which is the current exchange rate of EUR/USD.
In the same way, the current quote for USD/JPY is 107.76
This means that it will take around 107.76 Japnese yen to buy 1 us dollar.
Which is the current exchange rate of USD/JPY.
Now, in most of the currency pairs, the base currency is higher in value than the quote currency, like EUR/USD, GBP/USD, GBP/JPY, etc.
And this is because, it easy for us to use in this way.
But there some pairs in which the base currency is lower in value than the quote currency, like AUD-USD, CAD-CHF, and many others.
If you look at the pair AUD-USD,
In this pair, the base currency is the Australian dollar(AUD) and the quote currency is the US dollar(USD).
And this pair is quoted as AUD/USD 0.6491,
meaning that it will take only 0.6491 USD to buy 1 Australian dollar.
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